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Copyright © 2021 by Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing

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Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing (Sigma) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is developing nurse leaders anywhere to improve healthcare everywhere. Founded in 1922, Sigma has more than 135,000 active members in over 100 countries and territories. Members include practicing nurses, instructors, researchers, policymakers, entrepreneurs, and others. Sigma’s more than 540 chapters are located at more than 700 institutions of higher education throughout Armenia, Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Croatia, England, Eswatini, Ghana, Hong Kong, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Mexico, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, the United States, and Wales. Learn more at

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ISBN: 9781948057776

EPUB ISBN: 9781948057783

PDF ISBN: 9781948057790

MOBI ISBN: 9781948057806

Publisher: Dustin Sullivan

Acquisitions Editor: Emily Hatch

Development Editor: Meaghan O’Keeffe

Cover Designer: Michael Tanamachi

Interior Design/Page Layout: Becky Batchelor

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Project Editor: Meaghan O’Keeffe

Copy Editor: Todd Lothery

Proofreader: Gill Editorial Services

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